WHO OR WHOM? AN EASY RULE FOR WORKING OUT WHICH TO USE. 

WHO OR WHOM? AN EASY RULE FOR WORKING OUT WHICH TO USE. 

 who or who? an easy rule  

Who vs. whom can be a difficult thing to get your head around, it didn’t fully click with me until I found out about an awesome little trick to work it out. I knew the theory behind it, but I just could put it into practice. 

Don’t get me wrong, I never say the word “whom”, but I do occasionally write it. And I mean occasionally. It’s just one of those words that I (and I’m pretty sure most other people) would just rather avoid. 

The reason I think you should know this neat little trick is to call out the pretentious twats who try to use “whom” just to sound posh – but get it wrong – so so soooooo incredibly wrong that it hurts (almost as much as using “one” incorrectly instead of just saying “you” – but that’s a whole different post). 

The trick is to turn the sentence into a question. Once we have done that, answer the question with either he or him. If you answer with he, use who. If you answer with him, use whom

(If you don’t want to read through the examples, skip to the bottom for the graphic 😊)

 Example 1

Let’s say we have a sentence:

The guy who/whom is drinking gin. 

Turn it into a question:

Who/whom is drinking the gin? 

Answer the question with either he or him:

He is drinking the gin. 

He works, so the correct original sentence is:

The guy who is drinking the gin. 

 Example 2

Let’s try a different sentence:

Who/whom is she drinking the gin with?

This is already a question so no need to change it. 

Answer the question with either he or him:

She is drinking gin with him

Him works, so the correct original sentence is:

Whom is she drinking the gin with? 

  who or whom? an easy rule This trick might not work for you, but it works nicely for me and as you may have gathered, I hate getting things wrong. 

Is there anything in language that you just can’t get your head around?

Until next time,

IMG_0068

IT’S OR ITS? WHEN TO USE THE APOSTROPHE. 

IT’S OR ITS? WHEN TO USE THE APOSTROPHE. 

  its or it's: an easy rule I love language. Even more so, I love the English language. The English language is horrendous in comparison to other languages; often there are more exceptions than cases that fit the rule. Because of this, I love learning little tips and tricks to getting it right. And more than that, I hate getting it wrong. (Damn girl, you have an English degree – pull yourself together!)

It’s vs. its. This one caused me heartache (yes, actual heartache…) in my first year of university when I got my first essay back covered in red pen. At the top of the page, my lecturer had written “GRAMMAR” and I was mortified. Just to be clear, I did an English degree so it’s pretty reasonable to be upset that I’d got something so simple so wrong. The mistake that I’d made the entire way through, as you may have already guessed, was writing “it’s” instead of “its”.

Up to this point in my life, I’d been taught that apostrophes were used for contractions (like can’t and don’t) and for possessives (like Ellen’s or Mum’s). But that’s not entirely true. 

When it comes to possessives, there some cases where you don’t use the apostrophe – for example its. Turns out, you don’t stick an apostrophe in there.

So here’s my quick rule for it’s or its to help you decide if you need an apostrophe or not:

If you can replace it with “it is” use “it’s”.

If you can replace it with “his” use “its”.

So there you go. If you’re as obsessive about this stuff as I am, you’ll never have to do that awkward “I don’t know the correct way to do this so I’ll just avoid the word all together” thing that happens all too often. Not with it’s and its anyway…

  
Until next time,